基於安全考量,系統多會要求密碼具備一定複雜度,例如: 至少幾個英文字母、幾個數字、長度大於幾碼... 等等。傳統做法會在打完密碼或送出表單前檢查,不符要求時彈出警示,前幾天在某個註冊網頁看到更體貼的UI設計,深得我心:

如上圖所示,密碼輸入區上方清楚條列密碼複雜度要求。在打字過程,已符合項目會變成綠色。當三個條件都滿足,密碼欄位右方會出現打勾圖示;至於再輸入一次密碼的確認欄,會在與密碼欄內容一致時出現綠色勾勾。

激賞之餘,喚起"有為者亦若是"的激昂鬥志,抄起許久未用的knockout.js準備仿製一番。沒想到用KO實做相同功能比想像簡單: 動用兩個ko.observable()加上四個ko.computed() (三條複雜度要求加密碼一致檢查)就輕鬆搞定!

<!DOCTYPE html>
 
<html>
<head>
    <title>Lab 22 - 密碼複雜度即時檢核</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="//ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/jQuery/jquery-1.9.1.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="//ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/knockout/knockout-2.2.1.js"></script>
    <script>
        function MyViewModel() {
            var self = this;
            self.password = ko.observable("");
            self.pwdConfirm = ko.observable("");
            self.pwdRule1 = ko.computed(function () {
                //至少一個英文字母
                return self.password().match(/[A-Za-z]/);
            });
            self.pwdRule2 = ko.computed(function () {
                //至少一個數字
                return self.password().match(/[0-9]/);
            });
            self.pwdRule3 = ko.computed(function () {
                //至少8個字元
                return self.password().length > 7;
            });
            self.allPass = ko.computed(function () {
                return self.pwdRule1() && self.pwdRule2() && self.pwdRule3();
            });
            self.match = ko.computed(function () {
                return self.pwdConfirm().length > 0 &&
                       self.password() == self.pwdConfirm();
            });
        }
        $(function () {
            ko.applyBindings(new MyViewModel());
        });
    </script>
    <style>
        * { padding: 2px; font-size: 10pt; }
        ::-ms-reveal { display: none; }
        .rules { margin-left: 0px; }
        .rules li {
            list-style-type: none; margin-left: 0px;
            border-left-style: solid; border-left-width: 5px;
            border-left-color: #808080; background-color: #C0C0C0;
            margin-bottom: 4px; padding: 4px;
        }
        li.pass {
            border-left-color: #087521; background-color: #bedd71;
        }
        .accept 
        {
            background-image: url("../Content/images/accept.png");
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-position-x: 99%; background-position-y: 50%;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <ul class="rules">
        <li data-bind="css: { pass: pwdRule1() }">至少一個英文字母</li>
        <li data-bind="css: { pass: pwdRule2() }">至少一個數字</li>
        <li data-bind="css: { pass: pwdRule3() }">至少8個字元</li>
    </ul>
    <label for="pwd">設定密碼</label>
    <div>
    <input name="pwd" type="password" 
        data-bind="value: password, valueUpdate: 'keyup', css: { accept: allPass() }" />
    </div>
    <label for="pwd">密碼確認</label>
    <div>
    <input name="pwd" type="password" 
        data-bind="value: pwdConfirm, valueUpdate: 'keyup', css: { accept: match() }" />
    </div>
</body>
</html>

操作示範如下,有興趣的同學還也到線上展示試玩。

[KO系列]

http://www.darkthread.net/kolab/labs/default.aspx?m=post

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