Abstract: This is a small plugin to covert all input(text, checkbox, radio), textarea, select values into a JSON string, and the values in JSON string can be restored to fields back latter.

專案裡有個小需求,要將<DIV>中的input(text, checkbox, radio), textarea, select轉成JSON字串傳回後端,稍後顯示時要能再還原回去。

jQuery本身提供可序列化整個Form為Query String的.serialize()函數,但我較想轉成JSON(因為在.NET端可以被還原),一時找不到現成的Plugin,心想不太難,就沒投資花時間去搜索,決定自己寫一個:

/* 
==== jQuery Plugin - Fields To Json Ver 0.5 ====
** by Jeffrey Lee, http://blog.darkthread.net
Revision:
Ver 0.5 Beta 2009-08-23 
 - Convert all input, select and textarea to a JSON string
 - Restore all input, select and textarea from a JSON string
*/
 
(function($) {
    $.fn.fieldsToJson = function(prefix) {
        if (!JSON || !JSON.stringify) {
            alert("JSON is required!");
            return "";
        }
        var obj = {};
        this.find("input,select,textarea")
        .each(function() {
            if (!this.id) return; //Skip no id attribute
            var fn = this.id;
            //Filtered by prefix
            if (prefix && fn.indexOf(prefix) == -1) return;
            //Remove prefix
            if (prefix) fn = fn.substr(prefix.length, fn.length - prefix.length);
            var val = this.value + ""; //Avoid IE8 JSON bug
            if (this.type == "checkbox" || this.type == "radio")
                val = this.checked;
            else if (this.type == "select-one")
                val = this.selectedIndex;
            else if (this.type == "select-multiple") {
                var selected = [];
                $(this).children().each(function(i) {
                    if (this.selected) selected.push(i);
                });
                val = selected.join(",");
            }
            obj[fn] = val;
        });
        alert(JSON.stringify(obj));
        return JSON.stringify(obj);
    }
    $.fn.jsonToFields = function(jsonString, prefix) {
        if (!JSON || !JSON.parse) {
            alert("JSON is required!");
            return "";
        }
        var obj = JSON.parse(jsonString);
        this.find("input,select,textarea")
        .each(function() {
            if (!this.id) return; //Skip no id attribute
            var fn = this.id;
            //Filtered by prefix
            if (prefix && fn.indexOf(prefix) == -1) return;
            //Remove prefix
            if (prefix) fn = fn.substr(prefix.length, fn.length - prefix.length);
            if (obj[fn] == undefined) return;
            var val = obj[fn];
            if (this.type == "checkbox" || this.type == "radio")
                this.checked = val;
            else if (this.type == "select-one")
                this.selectedIndex = val;
            else if (this.type == "select-multiple") {
                var selected = val.split(",");
                var options = $(this).children();
                options.filter(":selected").removeAttr("selected");
                for (var i = 0; i < selected.length; i++) {
                    var opt = options[selected[i]];
                    if (opt) opt.selected = true;
                }
            }
            else this.value = val;
        });
    }
})(jQuery);

應用時,要被轉換的欄位必須要有id屬性,指定或不指定id字首都可以。簡單測試程式如下:

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <title></title>
    <script src="../js/json2.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="../js/jquery-1.3.2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="../js/jquery.filedsToJson.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(function() {
            $("#btnSave").click(function() {
                $("#taJson").val($("#dvBlock").fieldsToJson("f_"));
            });
            $("#btnRestore").click(function() {
                $("#dvBlock").jsonToFields($("#taJson").val(), "f_");
            });
        });
    </script>
</head>
<body>
<div id="dvBlock">
    <input type="text" id="f_Text" />
    <input type="radio" id="f_Radio" />
    <input type="checkbox" id="f_Checkbox" />
    <select id="f_SelectOne">
        <option>A</option><option>B</option><option>C</option>
    </select>
    <select id="f_SelectMultiple" size="3" multiple >
        <option>A</option><option>B</option><option>C</option>
    </select>
    <textarea id="f_TextArea" cols="20" rows="2"></textarea>
</div>
<input type="button" id="btnSave" value="SAVE" />
<input type="button" id="btnRestore" value="RESTORE" />
<div id="dvDisp">
<textarea id="taJson" cols="60" rows="4"></textarea>
</div>
</body>
</html>

original[1]

有興趣的朋友可以Copy回去玩,如果發現有蟲蟲,記得再回饋給我,感謝!


Comments

# by Ammon

試試 serializeArray 這個 Method 順便看 Source code 偷學一下

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